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2019 World Prevention and Treatment of Asthma: Manage the whole process to control asthma

In order to strengthen people’s understanding of the current status of asthma and enhance the prevention and management of patients and the public on the disease, the World Health Organization set the first Tuesday of May each year as the World Prevention and treatment of asthma. May 7, 2019 is the 21st World Prevention and Treatment Day. This year’s theme is “Management of the whole process, controlling asthma.”

There are 334 million people in the world suffering from asthma, and about 250,000 people die every year. Asthma is a chronic non -infectious disease. It is characterized by dyspnea and recurrence of asthma. Its severity and frequency of attacks vary from person to person. Patients can occur multiple symptoms in one or one week, and some people will increase symptoms during or at night.

The reason why asthma occurs, the inner wall of the bronchial tube expansion, which causes the airway to narrow and reduce the amount of lung ventilation. Periodic asthma symptoms often lead to insomnia, day fatigue, decreased activity, and absence of classes and absenteeism. Compared with other chronic diseases, the mortality of asthma is low.

Why are asthma staring at you? Related to these incentives

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease, which is characterized by shortness of breath and recurrence of asthma. Some reasons are common to all asthma patients, and some have more uniqueness. Although the main cause of asthma is not fully understood, the biggest risk of asthma is the cause of inhalation of asthma. include:

▲ Interior allergen (for example, family dust mites in bedding, carpets and plush furniture, pollution and pet dandruff);

▲ Outdoor allergen (such as pollen and mold);

▲ Tobacco tobacco;

▲ Chemical stimulus in the workplace.

Other incentives may include extreme emotional inspiration and physical exercise such as cold air, anger or fear. It is worth noting that the asthma of some patients may even be induced by certain drugs, such as aspirin and other non-sterite anti-inflammatory drugs and blockers (for the treatment of hypertension, heart disease, and partial partiality. Headache). The development of urbanization is also related to the increase in asthma, but the exact nature of this relationship is still unclear.

Do a good job of conditioning, help reduce the burden on asthma

Asthma is not just a public health problem in high -income countries. The disease occurs in all countries, regardless of its development level. More than 80%of the deaths of asthma occurred in low -income and middle and lower income countries.

At present, there are insufficient diagnosis and treatment of asthma. The arrival of asthma not only has a great burden on individuals and families, but also may cause restrictions on the activities of individuals’ lives. Although asthma cannot be cured, appropriate management can control the disease, so that people can enjoy good quality of life.

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On the one hand, short -term medication can relieve asthma symptoms. Those with persistent symptoms can take medication for a long time to control the internal inflammation and prevent the appearance and intensification of asthma symptoms.

On the other hand, drugs are not the only way to control asthma. It is also important to prevent asthma infection and cause inflammation. With the help of a doctor, each asthma patient must understand which incentives should be avoided.

In addition, although asthma is not dead like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or other chronic diseases, it can cause death by improper medication or not insisting on treatment. Although asthma disease cannot be cured, appropriate management can control the disease and enable people to improve the quality of life. Some children with mild asthma may gradually disappear with their age.

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