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A summary: The main points of diagnosis and treatment of children’s ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of colon. People aged 15-30 and over 60 years of age are usually affected, but they can develop at any age, including childhood. Ulcerative colitis can cause swelling, bleeding, diarrhea and other discomfort. Although there is no cure, various treatment methods help relieve symptoms.

Causes and risk factors

Inheritance may be one of the causes of children’s ulcerative colitis. The exact cause of children’s ulcerative colitis is unclear. It may be because the bacteria trigger the inflammation of the child’s colon. Many children with this disease also have this disease, which means that there may be genetic connections.

Although ulcerative colitis can occur in anyone, according to the data of the National Institute of Diabetes and Gastrointestinal and Kidney Diseases, ulcerative colitis is more common in the as follows:

? 15 to 30 years old

? 60 years old and above

Family members with ulcerative colitis or other inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

? There is Jewish blood

Clinical symptoms

Children with ulcerative colitis may have various symptoms, from minor to severe, different degrees. Symptoms are usually related to inflammation, including:

? stomach ache

• Hemathery diarrhea

• Lost appetite

? Light weight

? Fatigue

Body fluid and nutritional losses

? Rect bleeding

? Anemia

Some children still seem to have nothing to do with the digestive system:

? joint pain


? Skin damage

? Eye inflammation

? Liver Disease

? Kidney problems


With physical symptoms, children with ulcerative colitis may also be affected. Some potential mental health and emotional changes include:

? Angry

Emotional fluctuations

? It feels strange

? Sensitive and fragile

? Society

? pressure

They may encounter social problems at school, such as:

? Be embarrassed

? Bullying

? Food pressure

? Physical changes

? Focus changes


It is difficult for children to explain all their symptoms. Doctors should listen carefully and use various examinations to determine whether the child has ulcerative colitis. The examination of children’s ulcerative colitis includes:

• Blood test: High white blood cell level prompts the immune system problem, and low red blood cell levels indicate anemia;

? Snamed stool sample detection bacteria, parasites, etc.

? Endoscope examination

? Colonoscopy


? Organizational biopsy


Doctors can recommend changing nutrition to help treat ulcerative colitis. There is no cure for ulcerative colitis, but there are various treatments to help reduce symptoms and maintain disease relief. Doctors can be treated according to the following aspects:

? age

? Health status and medical history

The severity of the disease

? Children’s tolerance for drugs, surgery and treatment

? Parents’ choices and opinions

Treatment methods include: drugs, including steroids, antibiotics, or immunomaggons; nutritional changes; hospitalization; surgery.

Although most children with ulcerative colitis do not need surgery, about 25-40%of children may eventually need surgical removal of part of the colon. Treatment is not limited to the treatment of related diseases. It is crucial to help children cope with their changes in emotional, society and families.

Methods to help children perform diagnosis include: educate relatives, friends, and teachers to understand the condition and treatment; get dietary suggestions from nutritionists to ensure that children get enough nutrition; look at psychologists and so on.

In some areas, there are summer camps and other activities designed for children with IBD. In these projects, children can get medical support they need. They will also find that talking to other children with similar symptoms is helpful.

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