Blood routine, can it be carcinogenic?
Ms. Liu had a medical examination at the hospital three months ago. The blood routine showed that the hemoglobin was only 76g/L. The doctor said that she was moderate anemia. She asked her to do some anemia -related tests, and even checked the digestive tract to see if there were tumors.
The doctor was serious, but Miss Liu didn’t think of it, and felt that the doctor was a small question.
Three months later, Miss Liu went back. This time Miss Liu changed his appearance, his face was pale, his hair was dry, and the whole person lost a circle, and then a regular examination of blood. The doctor found that her anemia was even more serious.Hemorrin is only 61g/L.
The doctor conducted a full -body examination of her and found that her abdomen and collarbone had a lump. At the moment, I felt bad. I further made a gastroscopy and found that there was a 11 cm -sized mass in the stomach.Miss the best treatment.
First, after so many blood, do you not understand the blood routine?
In the various examinations of the hospital, the blood routine is the most basic one, but when many people get a report sheet, they have a question mark.When seeing a bunch of data, what indicators should we pay most?
1. White blood cells: reference range 4-10 × 109/L
White blood cells are an important barrier to our disease, and their elevated and reduced, which is related to whether there are infections and inflammation in the body.When white blood cells rise, it may mean bacterial infection, major bleeding, and physical poisoning; when the white blood cells decrease significantly, it may be related to virus infections, hemosis, and physical damage.
2. Red blood cells: reference range 3.5-5.1 × 1012/L, hemoglobin reference range 115-150g/L
The main role of red blood cells is to be responsible for combining oxygen, transportation of oxygen, and reduced hemoglobin, which is likely to be anemia and blood loss. If hemoglobin rises, it may be caused by hypoxia, large area burns, dehydration, and blood system tumors.
3. Platelet: Reference range 125-350 × 109/L
Platelets are responsible for stopping bleeding and coagulation to maintain the integrity of the blood vessel wall.When platelets are significantly increased, it may be related to blood loss, hemolysis, acute infection, and chronic bone marrow proliferative diseases. If platelets are reduced, it may be caused by hyperthyroidism and platelet reduction purpura.
It should be reminded that when the three indicators are at a critical value, you don’t need to worry about it.There are many factors that affect the results of blood testing, including blood collection sites, preservation methods, inspection time, gender, age, seasonal changes, etc., which may interfere with the results., Generally, there are not much problems.
2. Can the blood routine detect cancer?
Through the routine blood test, can you find out whether there is a malignant tumor in the body?
In this regard, Dr. Zhang Ye, Department of Intersection of the Intersection of the Intersection of the Training Department of Jiangsu Province, said that the blood routine can only see the content of the patient’s blood cells and cannot directly diagnose most cancer. Especially for early cancer patients, the blood routine is no different from ordinary people.
But some tumors can be manifested in blood routine-
1. Significant decrease in hemophyllin
Some tumor patients may cause severe bleeding due to tumor blood vessel rupture or infringement of normal blood vessels. At this time, hemophyllin may be significantly reduced, or tumor irritation causes vomiting or blood in the stool, such as malignant tumors of the digestive tract system.
2. The white blood cells rise significantly
Human white blood cells are mainly involved in immune activities. Although most of the tumor patients with white blood cells are not obviously abnormal, if it is a patient with leukemia, the leukocyte index will increase significantly, and some unfamiliar white blood cells may be found.
3. Labotic platelet reduction
Platelets are responsible for coagulation, and some diseases can cause thrombocytopenia. For example, patients with liver cancer, cirrhosis or hypertrophic liver function can cause platelet fluctuations.
Cancer screening is necessary to conduct systemic examinations. At present, early gastrointestinal, CT, MRI, color Doppler ultrasound, etc. can be found, and early cancer and tumor can be found.For example, gastrointestinal tumors can be checked for endoscopy, gastroscopy, colonoscopy, etc. to avoid discovering cancer too late; lung cancer examination is relatively simple. A low -dose chest CT can be initially found. Liver cancer screening can be performeddiagnosis.
Third, not only pay attention to the indicators, but also the color of the blood
Blood is the source of life, but do you know?The color of the blood also changes with the abnormality of the body.
In fact, the blood of the human body is more than one color. The blood can be divided into arterial blood and venous blood. The arterial blood is rich in oxygen, hemoglobin is more, and the blood color is also bright red.It will be dull than the arterial blood.
But if these colors of blood, you need to pay attention to
1. White blood
This blood, also known as chyloma, is commonly known as “milk blood”.It is caused by the exception of fat in the blood.Common for obesity or overweight, high -fat diet, diabetic patients, etc.
2. Troke blood
Disposal hepatobiliary diseases of yellow brown blood. Due to liver operation disorders, it is impossible to remove bilirubin in time, which will lead to increased bilirubin concentration in the blood, which will cause yellow brown blood.
3. Blue blood
Blue blood is not a science fiction “Avatar”, but nitrite poisoning.Nitrite is a strong oxidant. After entering the blood, the two -valent iron in the hemoglobin can be oxidized into a triple iron, forming high -speed rail hemoglobin, losing the ability to transport oxygen, and blood will change.Fourth, after the inspection, where did the blood out?
Blood routine generally needs to take 1-3ml blood, where are the remaining blood specimens?
After the sample is detected, when the indicators are different, the review may be conducted, so the sample will generally have a 3-7 days retention period. After the retention period expires, the sample will take the medical waste treatment process and take it for centralized destruction(Also known as extent).
Blood routine is a very important detection method. Although all diseases cannot be found, it can indeed float through indicators as a reference for physical health problems.Therefore, when a doctor requires blood to draw blood, do not have a rebellious psychology and follow the process to better discover the disease.
 “Three main indicators, teach you to quickly understand the Blood Routine Report”. Shanghai Tongren Hospital. 20120-09-04
 “[Anti -Cancer Science] Five common cancer screening methods, you must master!”. Academy of Medical Sciences Cancer Hospital. 2019-05-13
 “[Palm Kinds] to check the blood in the hospital, where did you go later?”.