Hypertension can cause cerebral infarction. Among the many causes of cerebral infarction, hypertension is an independent and controllable risk factors, because hypertension can cause atherosclerosis, cause vascular damage, and cause local thrombosis to cause cerebral infarction.
Hypertension is a common cardiovascular disease. It refers to a clinical syndrome that is characterized by the increase in body circulating arterial blood pressure and can be accompanied by the function of the heart, brain, kidney and other organs or organic damage.For three measures on the same day, the systolic blood pressure ≥140mmHg and diastolic pressure ≥90mmHg can be diagnosed as high blood pressure.Early symptoms of hypertension are accompanied by nausea, vomiting and other symptoms; common fingers, toes are numb, or skin like ants, fingers are not flexible.The renal function of advanced symptoms gradually decreased, and nighturia occurred, and renal failure caused nitrogen disease or uremia.Laboratory examination can help judge the cause of hypertension and the function of the target organs.Conventional inspection items include routine urine, chest X -ray, and ECG.The prevention and control of hypertension before the occurrence of cerebral infarction, including restricting salt intake, reducing the content of fat in the diet, reducing weight, appropriate sports, reducing drinking volume, and long -term insistence on taking antihypertensive drugs.Ordinary hypertension should be controlled below 140/90 mm Hg. For those who have high blood pressure with diabetes or nephropathy, the blood pressure should generally be controlled below 130/80 mm Hg.The systolic blood pressure of the elderly should generally be reduced to less than 150 mm Hg, and it can be further reduced if they can tolerate.
Most of the patients’ hypertension is difficult to find specific reasons, so most of them are symptomatic, that is, the use of antihypertensive drugs for control.The main goal of hypertension treatment is blood pressure standards. The ultimate goal of antihypertensive treatment is to maximize the incidence and mortality of the heart and cerebrovascular disease of patients with hypertension.