There is a saying, “For a cold, take medicine for a week, and do not take medicine for 7 days.” Some people don’t take it for granted that they don’t take medicine, and the cold will only be delayed and heavier. Do you want to take medicine? The doctor said that this needs to be determined according to personal circumstances. People with poor immunity such as children and the elderly, severe symptoms, people with basic diseases, and secondary bacterial infections can be considered for corresponding drug treatment.
Ordinary colds are self -limited
Colds are divided into two types, popular colds and normal colds.
Popular colds are influenza. Severe flu can cause various complications such as pneumonia, myocarditis, encephalitis, and multi -organ dysfunction, which can cause death. WHO data shows that influenza will cause 291,000 to 646,000 people every year. Experts advocate that if they are influenza, they should take antiviral drugs as soon as possible (within 48 hours of the disease).
Under normal circumstances, the cold we talk about refers to a common cold.
Ordinary colds generally have self-limiting. The course of disease is generally 7-12 days. The saying that “take medicine for a week and not take medicine for 7 days” is from this.
There is no special medicine for a cold
Take medicine mainly to control symptoms
Since eating or not, a cold will eventually be better. Why are there so many cold medicines on the market? Sometimes doctors also prescribe medicine for cold patients?
In fact, colds are usually caused by virus infections. At present, there are no special effects antiviral drugs to treat colds. The treatment of colds is basically symptomatic.
Nasal congestion, sneezing, runny nose, fever, cough, sore throat, dizziness, headache, weakness … Everyone will experience all or part of these symptoms when they have a cold, and when these symptoms are severe Very uncomfortable, affect life, study or work.
The role of cold medicine is to relieve symptoms. Such as relieving fever analgesic drugs can relieve symptoms such as fever and headaches; cough drugs can relieve cough; antipyretic medicine can allow high fever to subscribe to avoid high fever septic; anti -amine drugs and blood decreasing agents can reduce nasal symptoms.
For people with mild cold symptoms or better physical fitness, we can wait for the cold to heal through the care of lifestyle. However, for people with severe cold symptoms, people who have basic diseases, people with poor immunity, and those with secondary bacterial infections, doctors recommend that they can take the drug appropriately.
A little doctor reminded him, do not merge the medication by yourself in order to catch a cold. Many compound preparations in cold medicines may contain the same ingredients in different cold medicines, such as multiple medicines and use, which may cause too much dose in a certain ingredient and cause serious consequences.
Children’s medication needs to pay more attention. For children less than 12 years old, in addition to solving hot town analgesics, they should be completely avoided or trying to treat colds without compound cold medicines.
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TIPS: ordinary colds can also cause complications
Colds are indeed not a major disease, but the resistance during a cold will decrease, which will also cause some other diseases to invade, such as otitis media, myocarditis, nephritis, etc.; There are patients with basic diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, rhinitis, heart disease and other patients. May increase with a cold.
Therefore, do you have to take medicine in the end? You still have to take medicine under the guidance of the doctor according to the situation.