Routine prostate examinations include prostate liquid and urine examination of B -ultrasound.
The method of extracting prostate solution: The patient takes the knee and chest position. While the doctor performs anal diagnosis, gently press the prostate with his hand, from top to bottom, from left to right, from right to left, and repeatedly slide several times.
Doctors generally perform rectal diagnosis and touches the prostate through the rectal. They can understand the size, texture, hard constraints, pain, pain, etc. of the prostate. You can also indirectly understand the function of the urethral sphincter by feeling the tension of the anal sphincter. If the prostate surface is touched, the possibility of prostate cancer should be considered. Blood PSA should be checked (increased when prostate cancer), and the prostate puncture biopsy is confirmed if necessary.
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The prostate examination of conventional projects, doctors must also do B -ultrasound, because B -ultrasound is not only cheap but also practical. B -ultrasound can intuitively understand the exact size and form of the prostate (whether it is into the bladder), and you can also understand whether there is nodules in the prostate (suggesting whether there is prostate cancer), and the patient can do the B -ultrasound immediately after the urine is excited. There are no residual urine inside. In addition, you can also clarify whether the bladder wall is thickened, the diverticulum is thickened, whether the ureter is thickened, and whether the pyelone has accumulated water (revealing the damage to the bladder and kidney)
Doctors generally use the following tests to clarify the degree of urinary tract obstruction and no kidney function damage: 1) Urine flow rate measurement: According to the rate of urine flow, the degree of urinary tract obstruction can be objectively evaluated. (2) Relief of serum urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (CR): You can understand the kidney function. (3) Kidney diagram or kidney ECT: You can understand the function of each side of the kidney and the obstruction of the ureter. (4) If necessary, you can also be used as urinary MRI, CT, cystoscope, and urinary fluidity examination to assist in diagnosis and identification diagnosis.
(Intern editor: Tan Yong)