Research on global disease burdens reminded that from 1990 to 2017, the number of Chinese coronary heart disease deaths increased the number one in the world, accounting for 38.2%, ranking second among the premature deaths in my country.
The heart is the “power” of the human body. If there is abnormalities, it is related to whether humans can survive.When a warning is issued, everyone must learn to identify symptoms, and it is important to know how to save themselves.
Case 1: Coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction and angina pectoris, not a disease
Lao Cao was 57 years old. When he participated in the company’s activity, he suddenly had a pain in his chest. He had not improved for a long time. He was sent to the hospital for treatment by his colleagues.He was diagnosed as angina pectoris after examination, and was recommended to be hospitalized.
“This kind of minor problem also has to be hospitalized, what about me?” Lao Cao felt that he was too tired and did not need to be hospitalized, so he went home directly.
40 days later, Lao Cao drank more wine and appeared again, and the symptoms were even more serious. The family did not work for the family to take the savior pill.The doctor diagnosed the acute myocardial infarction through the ECG and was ready to perform an emergency surgery, but it didn’t take long after the surgery, Lao Cao suddenly died suddenly, and his life returned to the West …
Many people think that angina pectoris is not coronary, nor is it myocardial infarction, and does not pay attention to it.In fact, coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction and angina pectoris can be metaphorized to the relationship between mothers and sons. Coronary heart disease is a mother, angina pectoris and myocardial infarction are sons.
· Coronary heart disease refers to the phenomenon of myocardial ischemia and hypoxia that causes sufficient blood supply due to poor blood circulation and myocardial cells due to non -blood circulation or obstruction of myocardial cells.
· Angina pectoris is an important symptom of coronary heart disease, which is caused by sudden ischemia and hypoxia.
· Myocardial infarction is the most serious consequences of coronary heart disease, and it is generally developed from repeated attacks of angina pectoris.
Therefore, patients should attach great importance to angina pectoris. It prompts that there is coronary heart disease. If it is ignored, it may eventually develop into myocardial infarction.
At the time of sudden coronary heart disease, patients should learn to take the right medicine. Common medicines include aspirin, nitrate glycerin, and quick -acting savior pills.
① nitrate glycerin
It is the first first aid medicine for acute angina pectoris. When patients with chest pain or chest tightening, they contain nitroglycerin under the tongue, which usually takes effect within 3 minutes.
② Speed effort saving pill
It is an emergency medicine that plays the role of qi and blood vessels, but it has a long period of effect. It is suitable for high -risk groups of coronary heart disease. At the time of angina pectoris, 10-15 capsules are served under the tongue.
If the angina pectoris does not ease for 15 minutes, it may already be myocardial infarction. You can chew 3000mg aspirin at one time to help relieve myocardial infarction.
Case 2: The sore throat may also be the symptoms of myocardial infarction!
The old lady repeatedly slarked for a week and was sent to the hospital for hospitalization after being checked.
Grandma Li is 74 years old and has repeated sore throat within a week. She has tenderness, shoulder pain and back pain on both sides. In severe cases, she sweats and often happens at night.At the beginning, Grandma Li went to the ENT department for examination. After the doctor asked, he suggested to make an electrocardiogram and found that it was abnormal.
Subsequently, the cardiologist gave Grandma Li three myocardial infarction, cardiac color Doppler ultrasound, etc., and found that the muscle calcium protein rose, and found that the cardiovascular stenosis was about 90%of the heart vascular stenosis.After the diagnosis was clear, Grandma Li underwent the stent implant surgery and was discharged from the hospital 3 days after surgery.
The cardiac doctor explained that myocardial infarction has typical symptoms, mainly chest pain, but also has atypical symptoms.According to statistics, more than 1/3 of myocardial infarction patients in my country are atypical symptoms at the time of onset.
Here, Xiaojiu summarizes, the typical and atypical symptoms of myocardial infarction are as follows:
Chest pain, chest tightness, pain in the heart of the heart, or the front area of the heart, like a large stone blocked in the chest, the tightening sensation of colic and pressing, usually lasts more than 15 minutes.
· Stomach pain: indigestion, stomach pain, vomiting nausea, etc.
· Back pain: When pain, it will radiate to the back, and there will be continuous back pain;
· Dahan: When the blood pressure is insufficient, the blood pressure decreases and the blood vessels shrink, and the symptoms of cold sweats around the neck, palm, and forehead will occur;
· Pain in the upper limbs and shoulder: Hearing ischemia can also cause pain to radiate upper limb pain in the inner limbs of the shoulder, inner left arm;
· Teeth or mandibular pain: There are also patients with multiple toothem pain and jaw pain, accompanied by sweat;
· Pharyngeal pain: there are burning pain in the pharynx, tight throat, and symptoms of chest pain and breath.
Case 3: Mother’s 3 times of cardiac arrest, her daughter saved 3 times
Professor Fu Xianghua, Department of Cardiology, Hebei Medical University Second Hospital, shared a case. Before the hospital had treated a very critical myocardial infarction patient, she experienced three cardiac arrest when she was waiting for the ambulance at home.Fortunately, her daughter has learned the skills of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and rescued in time.After that, the ambulance sent her to the hospital, successfully rescued and recovered her life.
Professor Fu said that it was the three heart recovery of the daughter to give the mother a chance to survive. “The mother gave you life, and you gave your mother three times!”Professor Fu calls for the whole society to learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills, especially families with coronary heart disease, history of myocardial infarction, and severe heart disease.
[Correct method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation]
Step 1, judge whether the patient has consciousness, breathing, and heartbeat stop
① Shouting and hitting patients, observe whether they are conscious;
② If you lose consciousness, you should quickly determine whether the patient has breathing (observe whether the chest and abdomen have undulating, and whether the fingers feel the nose);
③ If the breathing stops for more than 5 seconds, it can be determined as a cardiac arrest, and it must start rescue immediately.
Step 2, dial 120
Immediately call for help to the surrounding people, and let the surrounding people help call 120 emergency calls.If there is no one around, you need to call 120 by yourself.
Step 3, cardiopulmonary resuscitation
① Raise the patient’s head, open the airway, remove the oral and airway foreign objects;
② Pressing the part is the midpoint of the two nipples of the patient. After the left palm is found, the five fingers are tilted, the other hand overlap, the arms are straightened, and the upper body is pressed 30 times continuously, the frequency is 100 ~ 120 times/Minute, the depth is 5 ~ 6 cm depth;
③ Press about 30 times and perform artificial breathing twice in a row.
In order to be more intuitive, we simplify the above processes and make pictures, which can be preserved for reference!
After a person with a cardiac arrest, people lose their consciousness within a few seconds, stop breathing in about 60 seconds, and brain cells begin to die within 4 minutes. Therefore, they must grasp the time of gold treatment, first call 120 to rescue.If there is an automatic body tremor (AED) nearby, contact the staff as soon as possible for rescue.
After reading today’s article, how much do you learn?If you have other knowledge you need to know, please leave a message to Xiao Jiu in the comment area to share your experience. Xiao Jiu will write better popular science according to everyone’s needs!
 The number of Chinese coronary heart disease in the past 30 years has increased the number of people in the world!New analysis of the global disease burden report, China Cycle Magazine, 2020-10-17
 What should I do if my family has myocardial infarction?It is critical to do these 3 points, cardiovascular channels in the medical community, 2021-11-20
 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: master three methods, use three instruments, keep three steps in mind, China Medical Network, 2022-04-16