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Develop seven medical examination items for the elderly

体检主要包括三大部分:一是一般的体格检查,包括内科、外科、妇科、五官科、肝病科的专科检查;二是功能检查,包括心电图、X光、B超(包括肝、胆、脾, Kidney and Reproductive Systems) and other imaging examinations; the third is the biochemical test, including the three major routines and stools of blood, blood, blood lipids, liver and kidney function, and hepatitis B. In addition, there are three tumor (tire protein, EB virus, carcinoma antigen) examination, and early screening of prostate cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer.

Under normal circumstances, the physical examination must be carried out in the above parts, but the key points of physical examinations needed for people of different ages, gender, weight, and occupations are also different. The elderly should pay attention to the following seven aspects:

First, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular examination. This is the focus of the elderly’s physical examination. Blood pressure measurement, hypertension is one of the causes of coronary heart disease. Hypotension is often at its peak, and cerebrovascular accidents are prone to occur; ECG tests can understand myocardial blood supply and arrhythmia. A heart color B -ultrasound; the cervical artery B ultrasound can check whether the vascular lesions can be detected.

Second, liver, gallbladder, pancreatic B -ultrasound and chest penetration. The liver and biliary B ultrasound can be checked on the form of liver and biliary, and found that liver, biliary tumors, or gallbladder stones are found in advance. Because this is a kind of non -traumatic examination, the elderly can conduct multiple inspections. Chest thoracic can detect tuberculosis and lung cancer in the early days. The elderly who are smoking all year round should do thoracic diarrhea examination. For asymptomatic early lung tumors, this is the best first screening method.

Third, check the bottom. Elderly cataracts and primary glaucoma can be found early. Patients with hypertension, coronary heart disease, and diabetes can reflect whether the artery is hardened by checking the bottom of the eyes.

Fourth, check blood sugar and blood lipids. Obesity or elderly people with hypertension and arteriosclerosis should pay attention to this item, especially the blood glucose two hours after a meal can explain the problem.

Fifth, detect bone density. Elderly people are prone to osteoporosis, so men over 50 years old and women over 45 years of age should perform bone density testing.

Sixth, gastroscopy. Elderly people over 50 years old, especially elderly men, should include them in the “replenishment list” of the medical examination. Gastroscopy can be found in some cancer lesions, such as large intestine polyps to remove as soon as possible. In addition, the stool potential blood test can also be found early and cancer.

<!-1958: Physical examination terminal page

Seventh, gynecological examination or prostate examination. Even if the old women have menopause, they cannot ignore a comprehensive gynecological examination once a year, while men should do prostate examinations.

In short, when the elderly set the list for their own physical examination, it is best to tell the doctor’s discomfort in so that the doctor can supplement the inspection items in a targeted manner. After the results of the medical examination, you must ask the doctor to analyze it. After discovering the problem, you should treat it as soon as possible.

(Editor in charge: Tang Aifeng Intern Editor: Tang Nianmei)

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