Diet therapy is the basis of diabetes therapy. Do you really eat it?
Every year on November 14th is UN Diabetes Day.
At present, the prevalence of diabetes in my country has continued to rise. According to the latest data, the incidence of diabetes in Chinese adults is 12.8%, and the preliminary preliminary prevalence of diabetes is as high as 35.2%. In other words, about 5%to 10%of people will develop each year. Diabetes is particularly important. The long -term increase in blood sugar can easily lead to the advent of chronic complications, allowing blood glucose to control within a reasonable range to reduce the risk and death of the complications of diabetes. In daily life, most diabetic patients have taken care of themselves for more than 95%.
The treatment of diabetes is a comprehensive treatment. It is not just as simple as taking medicine and taking insulin. In addition to drug treatment, it also includes diabetes education, dietary adjustment, rational exercise, and self -monitoring.
Among them, diet therapy can be said to be the basis of diabetes therapy, which runs through the entire process of all types of diabetes. Experts from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Health Management) experts talk to everyone about diet therapy.
Notice! Diet therapy is not ca n’t eat anything, let alone hungry or diet, but through scientific methods, let sugar friends know what to eat, what to eat, eat and drink well, and also help control blood sugar while helping to control blood sugar. , Avoid the trouble of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.
So, how to weigh the nutrition of common diet?
I believe that many people change the color of fat smells. In fact, if it is appropriately intake of high-quality fat (such as the fats composed of unsaturated fatty acids and N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids), there is a blood glucose control and the protection of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular blood vessels. It must be beneficial, common high -quality fats include fish oil, olive oil, some nuts, etc.
What really needs to be restricted is the intake of saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids. This type of fatty acids have different degrees of harm to the human body’s blood lipid metabolism, blood glucose regulation and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular. You can also pay attention to the “nutritional component table” behind various pre -packaged foods. Generally speaking, the energy provided by fat in diet should account for 20%-30%of the total energy.
In the dietary habits of diabetic people in my country, starch foods are the main sources of carbohydrates and staple foods. Many sugar friends in order to avoid blood sugar fluctuations, which will reduce the intake of carbohydrates. Therefore, in the diet of most sugar friends, the energy provided by carbohydrates accounts for 50%-65%of the total energy.
Among them, the sugar lift index (GI) high food can quickly enter the blood due to the rapid digestion and absorption after entering the intestine, which can easily lead to the production of hypertension and hyperglycemia. Due to the long period of time after entering the intestine, the release of GI has a slow release. After the glucose enters the blood, the peak value is low, causing the blood glucose response after the meal, and the insulin required is also reduced accordingly. Therefore, choosing low GI foods can avoid severe fluctuations in blood sugar, which can prevent hyperglycemia from hyperglycemia and prevent hypoglycemia, thereby achieving effective control of blood sugar.
Different foods have different sugar lift indexes, and at the same time are affected by the following factors: carbohydrate types and structures: monosaccharides have higher sugar lift index (GI) than polysaccharides; dietary fiber content: more content, which can slow down digestion and absorption rate , Reduce the GI of food; the physical state of starch: the more thin the granular granulation, the higher the GI; the higher the degree of the starch: the higher the degree of paste, the higher the GI; And small intestine digestion and absorption, GI is low.
The intake of protein varies from person to person. For sugar friends with normal renal function, the function ratio of protein can account for 15%-20%. Among them, high-quality protein should account for more than half of the total protein. Milk, fish, beef, etc.
For sugar friends with decreased protein urine or glomerular filtration rate, protein intake should be controlled at 0.8g/kg weight per day, that is, sugar friends with abnormal renal function of 50kg of weight, daily protein intake should be Control at 0.8g*50kg, that is, 40g.
Speaking of drinking, it is not recommended to drink alcohol. If you want to drink, you should also calculate the total energy contained in alcohol.
Women do not exceed 15g of alcohol in one day, and men do not exceed 25g. (15g of alcohol is equivalent to 350ml beer, 150ml wine or 45ml distilled wine). Drink no more than twice a week.
Salt intake is limited to 5G per day, and people with high blood pressure should further limit the intake.
In addition, don’t feel that the soy sauce is not salt, and don’t feel that there is no salt without salty. Foods containing high salt should also be restricted, such as MSG, soy sauce, salt and other processed foods, seasonings, etc.
(Edit: Ye Fang Correspondent: Wang Jian)