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Foods that affect the growth and development of the baby

In infants and young children, due to their incomplete organ and tissue function and weak resistance, their diet structure should obviously be different from adults’ diet. Eckments at this stage may cause allergies or other adverse consequences. Although some foods do not cause acute poisoning or adverse reactions after intake, they may cause chronic adverse reactions or affect their baby’s growth and development, which also requires parents’ attention.

Here are foods that some babies cannot eat, should not eat, and do not eat much for reference. Parents should also combine their children’s specific circumstances, pay attention to observing foods that are easy to cause allergies and adverse reactions, and consult the doctor in time.

Foods that cannot be eaten (danger index: five stars)

Honey

Reasons: According to relevant British reports, in the past 25 years, about 40 cases of infants infected with botulinum bacteria have occurred, all related to eating honey. In these cases, babies with severe conditions are mostly less than 6 months.

Note: Do not add honey to your baby’s milk powder or food under the age of 1 to avoid being infected by fatal bacteria.

Pickled food

Reason: pickled products (salted fish, bacon, pickles, etc.) contain too high salt content, and high -salt diets can easily induce hypertension; pickles contain a large amount of nitrite Three upper cancer substances in the world.

Note: Some research materials have shown that children who start eating pickled products during the childhood are much more likely to suffer from cancer in adulthood than the average person.

sweet dumpling

Reason: Because glutinous rice is sticky, children may stick to the esophagus and block the respiratory tract; children aged 1 to 2 are not easy to chew the peanuts in the dumplings. The child digestion function is weak. absorb.

Note: Infants within 3 years of age are not suitable for eating dumplings. Children with respiratory diseases should eat less dumplings to prevent the disease from worsening.

High -calorie “junk food”

Reason: “Junk Foods” with high calories can easily lead to obesity and various complications, which are harmful to human health.

Note: During infants and young children, their brains and nervous systems are developing and require comprehensive nutrition to grow up healthy. Eating “junk food” may cause obesity, and cause imbalances in other nutrients, and nutritional deficiency occurs.

Foods that are not suitable for (danger index: 4 stars)

chocolate

Reason: Chocolate is a high -calorie food, but the protein content is low, the fat content is high, and the proportion of nutritional components does not meet the needs of children’s growth and development; while eating chocolate before meals can easily produce satiety, which affects appetite appetite , Make the normal life rules and meals, which affects the child’s health;

In addition, chocolate contains substances that excite the nervous system, making infants and young children less likely to fall asleep and cry; often eating chocolate can also cause tooth decay and increase intestinal gas and cause abdominal pain.

Note: Children under 3 years of age should not eat chocolate.

Tea

Reason: Tea contains a large amount of tannic acid, which will interfere with the body’s absorption of protein, minerals and calcium, zinc, iron and other minerals in food, which will cause infants and young children to lack protein and minerals and affect their normal growth and development. In addition, tea leaves Caffeine is a strong stimulant that may induce children’s dynamics.

Note: Babies within 3 years of age should not drink tea.

Soybean

Reason: Soy soybean itself contains a plant estrogen. If the intake is large, there will be side effects similar to the intake of human estrogen intake; in addition, premature intake of soy foods may cause baby allergies. Causes allergic symptoms such as diarrhea and dermatitis.

Note: Infants should try to avoid eating soy foods as much as possible in the age of 1 to 2.

Fresh milk

Reason: The protein composition of fresh milk is mainly globulin, and the milk protein is only 20%; the protein in breast milk is mainly whey protein, with a proportion of 60%. Moreover, other ingredients and content in milk are also different from breast milk. For example, the content of minerals in milk is high, which will increase the baby’s kidney load. Milk is also a kind of poor iron food. Long -term intake may cause infant iron deficiency.

Note: Infants and young children should not feed fresh milk. If you cannot feed breast milk, you should choose formula milk powder designed for infants and young children.

Experts remind: other foods that are easy to cause allergies, such as peanut butter, fish and shrimp, shell seafood, it is best to be more than 1 year old and confirm that they will not eat these foods. In addition, some foods that are likely to cause infant throats, such as nuts, some fruits with nucleus such as lychee, longan, etc. to avoid eating.

Foods that are not eaten (danger index: three stars)

Salt

Reason: As the baby grows and develops, the amount of salt needs to be gradually increased, and it is necessary to eat a little bit appropriately.

Principle: The baby within 1 year old can not put salt at all. If the baby likes to eat “salty head”, it can be added appropriately after 6 months, but the amount of salt daily should be controlled within 1 gram. Children’s salt intake of 1 to 3 years old should be controlled within 2 grams per day.

Note: Due to the incomplete kidney development, too much salt will increase the burden on the kidneys, which is not good for the body.

Bamboo shoot

Reason: spring bamboo shoots can easily cause allergic dermatitis and digestive tract diseases. Fresh bamboo shoots contain enabled soluble oxalic acid, and it is easy to combine calcium with calcium oxalate. Excessive consumption is not good for children’s urinary system and kidney. Especially in the growth and development of young children, the skeletal development is not yet mature, and the oxalic acid contained in bamboo shoots will affect the body’s absorption of calcium and zinc. If children eat too much bamboo shoots, they may make them calcium and zinc, causing slow growth and development. Principle: It is not advisable to eat more fresh bamboo bamboo shoots. It is best not to exceed half of each meal per meal.

Note: Do not add any foods containing too high oxa acids such as spinach and cabbage to babies within 4 months.

Egg

Reason: Eggs and duck eggs are rich in high -quality protein, as well as minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, and various vitamins, which have a lot of benefits to the growth of infants and young children. However, if you eat too early or too much, the baby’s digestive ability cannot complete such a large “project”, which will bring bad consequences.

Principle: Try not to eat eggs before 1 year old; babies from 1 to 1 and a half years old, preferably only eat egg yolk, and cannot exceed 1 a day; babies from 1 and a half to 2 years old can eat 1 egg (including egg yolk (including egg yolk every day (including egg yolk (including egg yolk (including egg yolk You can eat 1 egg every day after you are a little older.

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Note: If you find a protein -like substance in the baby’s feces, it means that the baby’s stomach is not good, and it cannot digest and absorb protein.

For these babies, it is best to cook egg yolk into other foods together. If infants are rash, do not eat eggs for the time being, so as not to increase the burden on the body.

(Intern editor: Lu Ruiqiong)

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