On July 20, Henan Province encountered extreme heavy rainfall, and the rainfall daily rainfall in many national meteorological observation stations in Zhengzhou City broke through the historical value since the meteorological record. Affected by heavy rainfall, the water level of Guojiazui Reservoir, Erqi District, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province rose rapidly. Local transfer to the downstream of the reservoir in advance. According to the relevant provisions of the National Flood Control and Drought Resistance Emergency Plan, the State Defense General decided to increase the level III emergency response to level III on July 21 to level II.
Zhengzhou’s most recorded rainfall has killed 12 people in Zhengzhou in the urban area of Zhengzhou.
From 18:00 on July 18th to 00:00 on the 21st, the weather in Zhengzhou, Henan Province had a rare and continued heavy downside weather. 73 stations (about 38%) cumulative precipitation exceeding 500 mm, and the largest new dense Baizhai 875 mm. Zhengzhou, Dengfeng, Xinmi, Puyang, Gongyi in Zhengzhou City exceeded that the precipitation of the five stations exceeded that the meteorological records have exceeded the value. Essence At 16:00 on the 20th, the rainfall at the Zhengzhou site reached 201.9 mm, which exceeded the value value of my country’s land-hour rainfall.
Due to the rare and continuous heavy rainfall, Zhengzhou Changzhuang Reservoir, Guojiazui Reservoir and the Jalu River have emerged in danger, and severe waterlogging in Zhengzhou City has severely affected the Zhengzhou railway, highway and civil aviation transportation. At present, about 100,000 people have been transferred, and the flood has killed 12 people in Zhengzhou.
Common infectious diseases and prevention after heavy rain floods
After the storms and flood disasters, due to the humid weather, the bacteria are easily breed; in addition, the water source is easily polluted, the food is easy to deteriorate, and various types of infectious diseases are easily spread. We must fully do prevention.
Qi Zhengtao, a practitioner of the Department of Department of Internal Medicine of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, introduced that in terms of emergency disaster relief, Chinese medicine has a long historical tradition. Materia Medica. Practice has proved that Chinese medicine has the characteristics of simple, fast -acting, economy, and pollution -free in the prevention and treatment of post -disaster diseases. In particular, many easy -to -act and effective measures and methods are worthy of vigorous publicity, promotion and use.
01 skin disease
Floods may cause a variety of diseases, such as gastrointestinal diseases, respiratory diseases, and various skin diseases. Among them, skin diseases account for more than 50%of various diseases. Common skin diseases include fungal infectious skin diseases, perverted reactive skin diseases, and bacterial infection skin diseases.
Wet sore is a itching skin disease with an exudation tendency. It is characterized by polyphonic rash, symmetrical distribution, tendency exudation, severe itching, and recurrence, which is equivalent to modern medicine eczema.
Main symptoms: urgency, skin lesions are red and hot, itching is endless, exudate. Accompanying his body heat, upset and thirst, dry stool, short urine. The tongue is thin or white or yellow, and the pulse strings are slippery or count.
Governance: clearing heat and dehumidification.
Commonly used Chinese medicines: Longdan Xie Liver Pills, Dermatology Pills, etc.
Foot moisture is caused by fungal invasion of the foot of the foot. It usually occurs on the soles and toes on both sides. Equivalent to modern medicine. Generally do not need to take medicine, mainly local treatment.
Cang skin washing agent: Cange weever 15g, 15g of ground skin, 15g of podium skin, 15g of snake beds, 15g of Cosmopolites, 15g of hundreds, and 6g of alum. Method: Cross into coarse and end -up. Usage: Take 1 bag of medicine, wrap it in a cloth bag, add 3000ml of water, boil for 20 minutes, soak in warmth, or wet the affected area. 1-2 times a day, 10-20 minutes each time.
2. Immersive purslane water agent: 30g purslane, 1000ml of water. Method: Boil for 20 minutes, filter over cooling. Usage: wet, wash outside, 1-2 times a day, 20 minutes each time.
Prevention and precautions
1. Pay attention to personal hygiene and keep your hands and feet dry. 2. Patient’s shoes should be changed frequently to avoid stimulation of adverse physical and chemical factors. 3. In public places, pay attention to avoiding the infection of the dermatology.
02 disease prevention and epidemic prevention
The shortage of drugs after the disaster. For example, wormwood air disinfection, vinegar disinfection, garlic prevention, mung bean to relieve heat and detoxification, Houttuynia cordata lower fire, and tinea of tinea of Sichuan peppercorns to treat skin.
It is particularly recommended that wormwood disinfection and insect -repellent prevention method is adopted. The air disinfection method of fumigating wormwood has been proven to have good results. Herbalion’s epidemic prevention is non -toxic, pollution -free, and non -irritating. The fragrance of its smell can not only dispel gas and mosquitoes, but also appease the analgesic effect to antidepressing.
03 Gastrointestinal disease (acute gastroenteritis)
Acute gastroenteritis is the acute inflammation of gastrointestinal mucosa. The clinical manifestations are nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and fever. This disease is common in summer and autumn, and it occurs mostly due to improper diet and overeating;
(1) Basic square medicine
Gegen Bi Lian Tang. Founded medicine composition: Pueraria 15g, Coptis chinensis 9g, licorice 6g, Scutellaria 9g. Personal or Chinese medicine decoction, 1 dose daily, take it twice.
(2) Chinese medicine
Huoxiangzhengqi (capsule), Copycinin tablets, Pueraria toshils, etc.
04 Summer wet cold
The main manifestations of the clinical manifestations: heat, micro -wind, less sweat, severe body acid or pain, dizziness and pain, rolling nose, upset and thirsty, thirsty, not drinking more, chest tightness nausea, short yellow urine. The tongue coating is yellow and greasy, and the pulse is counted.
(1) Basic prescriptions for new fragrant drinks. (Composition of square medicines: 10 grams each of Xiangyu, Hou Pu, 15 grams each of honeysuckle, forsythia, and fresh lentils.) (2) Zhonghe Yaoshi Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills (capsules), Ren Dan, Liuyi San, Ganlu disinfection Dan and so on.
05 Acute closed soft tissue injury
Acute closed soft tissue injury is the occurrence and high onset of the affected people and rescuers. Including: (1) contusion; (2) muscle strain; (3) joint ligament strain; (4) bone hyperplasia; (5) disc herniation; (6) periarthritis (7) osteoarthritis (8) (8) Capylitis; (9) Spinitis of muscle waist and legs.
“Acupuncture treatment of economy, rapid effect, exact analgesic effect, can greatly shorten the course of disease and reduce pain. Whether it is the early, middle and late stages of soft tissue injury, it can be applied.”
According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the damage of soft tissue is mostly a medium injury. Specifically, with the method of flating and flat diarrhea, it stimulates the healthy side acupuncture point of the symmetrical point of the patient’s affected side. Treatment for half an hour, once a day.
For example, the left -foot ankle joint sprains, acupuncture acupuncture points symmetrical acupuncture points; right waist injury can acupuncture the left waist symmetrical acupuncture point; bilateral waist injury can stab the head of the face, the elbow joint injury can sting the knee joint symmetry Acupoint.
06 qi qi relieving depression
Before the summer, the Chinese medicine prevention and treatment should be based on cooling the liver and nourishing the lungs and spleen. You can use mung beans, lotus heart, green tea, large green leaves, Banlanen, raw licorice, lily, yam and other clear fires.
When the liver stagnation and spleen deficiency, chest pain, chest pain, dizziness, loss of appetite, and irregular menstruation, you can also follow the doctor’s advice and take Xiaoyao Pill.
07 How to prevent colds in rain
Traditional Chinese medicine pointed out that ginger flavor is warm, which is longer than divergent wind, phlegm and cough, and can relieve vomiting and detoxify. Clinically, it is often used to treat exogenous cold and stomach cold vomiting.
Drink ginger tea
Ingredients: 250 grams of boiling water, 30 grams of brown sugar, 25 grams of ginger, a little tea. Production method: Chop the ginger into ginger, put it in a teapot, and then add boiling water and brown sugar. Drink for about 5 minutes.
Ginger tea can be used to sweat, warm lungs, relieve cough, and show the effects of influenza, typhoid fever, and cough. Drinking after a meal, has the effects of sweating and relieving lungs and relieving cough, which is conducive to the treatment of influenza, typhoid, and cough.
08 Pay attention to drinking water hygiene
1. How to disinfect cylinder water and well water?
Cylinder water: Settlement for 1 hour and disinfection with one of the following methods: ① boil for 5-10 minutes. ② Bleachy seizure disinfection method: 100 kg of clean water plus 1 bleaching seizure piece, mix and rest for 30 minutes.
Well water: Put half a bottle (cylinder) bleaching powder with 500 ml of mineral water bottle or bamboo tube, and evenly drill 4-6 small holes on the container or next to the container, and the diameter of the hole is 0.2-0.5 cm. Tie the simple disinfectant port in the well water and hang it in water with a buoy. Disinfection after adding medicine can last about 3 to 5 days.
2. How to deal with turbid water?
For turbid water, the water is put into the cylinder (barrel), and alum, aluminum sulfate, iron chloride, aluminum chloride chloride and other coagulants can be used. Or the organic matter is concrete, and the static precipitation for about 1 hour takes out the clarification solution and pour it into another cylinder (barrel) for disinfection to drink.
<!-2528: Dermatology terminal page
3. Drinking water recommendation
For the flood area, pure water, mineral water, bottled water, and boiling water should be consumed. Drinking raw water is not advocated, because raw water may contain a large amount of pathogenic microorganisms, and it is easy to cause diarrhea and other diseases after drinking.
(Correspondent: Wang Jian Li Yan)