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High -temperature weather, how can “sugar friends” stabilize blood sugar?Experts emphasize 3 points

On the hot summer, the temperature is rising, and everyone’s lifestyle and eating habits also change at any time. In addition to regular meals, insisting on monitoring blood sugar, and obeying the use of medicine, what problems should patients with diabetes be paid to in order to be safe in summer?

Medical Guidance:

Zhou Jian, chief physician of the Department of Endocrinology Metabolism, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University

Dai Dongjun, Shanghai Diabetes Clinical Medicine Center

1. Diet

All kinds of fruits and cold drinks in summer are dazzling. In the face of these sweet temptations, what should sugar friends make?

We recommend eating less fruits with diabetic patients, but not at all. For patients with relatively stable blood glucose control, you can choose some fruits with low sugar content, such as orange, grapefruit, peach, kiwi, etc. as meals, and minus the amount of staple food in the corresponding meal. Although the sugar content of watermelons is not high, if you eat too much at a time, it will also lead to a significant increase in blood sugar. Therefore, it is recommended that you do n’t eat too much.

In addition, the sugar lift effect of fruits may have individual differences. Therefore, you can measure blood sugar after eating a certain fruit, and choose fruits with a relatively low effect of sugar. In summer, the temperature is high and sweaty. Everyone should add sufficient amount of water, and do not wait until there is obvious thirst and then actively drink water. Although the sugar -containing drinks are attractive, the amount of sugar in it cannot be underestimated, and it is easy to drink and thirsty. It will also lead to a sharp increase in blood sugar. In severe cases, it can cause acute complications such as ketone or keto acid poisoning.

At the same time, it is recommended to warm or cold water. Do not drink a lot of ice water at one time.

Two, exercise

Exercise is one of the “five -driving troiders” for diabetes management, and it is also conducive to enhancing cardiopulmonary function. However, outdoor exercise in summer should pay attention to avoiding the time period of high noon temperature and direct sunlight to avoid heat stroke. When the temperature of the morning and evening is relatively low, you can take a walk, jogging, and exercise, and other low -intensity aerobic exercises. Pay attention to replenishing water. At noon, you can take a nap to ensure sufficient sleep.

In addition, summer is a good time for swimming, but diabetic patients need to pay attention to methods when swimming. Diabetes patients have a decrease in immunity, wounds are not easy to heal and infection. Therefore, they should minimize outdoor swimming, or pay attention to sunburn before swimming to avoid sunburn; try not to get off the water to avoid infection when there is a wound. Swimming, as an aerobic exercise, generally can achieve exercise effects for more than 30 minutes. You can step by step according to your physical fitness, and you should also avoid hypoglycemia caused by excessive exercise.

Third, travel

Many sugar friends will go out to play with their families during the summer vacation. While enjoying a happy holiday, there are also precautions to avoid excessive blood sugar fluctuation during travel.

Due to the hot weather and the increase in activity, the patient sweats a lot and consumes large consumption. It should bring enough water and increase the amount of drinking water to avoid dehydration, and pay attention to the occurrence of hypoglycemia. Sugar friends may face the temptation of specialty foods in various places, but try to avoid greasy and high sugar foods, and do not overeating to prevent abnormal blood sugar from rising.

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There may be long -distance walking during travel. It is recommended to strengthen foot protection: avoid barefoot wearing sandals, you should choose soft bottom shoes; avoid barefoot walking on the beaches, swimming pools, etc. Do not handle it at will when the blisters or skin are damaged, so as not to cause infection to spread, and even develop serious adverse consequences such as gangrene and amputation.

In addition, patients with diabetes should also pay attention to the details of life. The temperature of the air conditioning adjustment should not be too low. Pay attention to food hygiene and the cleaning of the skin, and maintain a peaceful attitude. (Correspondent Gu Haiying)

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