Guidance expert: Director Xia Yanqiong, the Department of Nutrition of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangdong Province
Anemia is a common complication during pregnancy, and it can cause certain harm to mothers and children in each stage of pregnancy.
1. Impact on mother health
If pregnant women suffer from anemia, they will increase the risk of hypertension during pregnancy. During childbirth, the uterine contraction is weak and the postpartum hemorrhage is prone to postpartum bleeding. It is prone to occurring infection during puerperium.
2. Impact on fetal health
Pregnant women’s anemia can lead to limited growth of the fetus, and even lead to low weight at birth. Severe anemia can also lead to an increase in the risk of premature birth, death, dead birth, neonatal suffocation, neonatal ischemia, but increased risk of encephalopathy. The severe iron deficiency during pregnancy will also affect the iron reserves of the fetus when the fetus is born, making it prone to iron deficiency anemia in babies, and irreversible effects on the intellectual development of the fetus and newborn.
The main points of nutrition and diet of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy
1. Increase the intake of hemantan iron in the diet
Hemorrhin iron is mainly in animal foods, such as red meat, animal blood, and animal liver. Some nutritious foods such as milk and eggs are not good foods for iron supplementation, because milk contains not much iron. Although the eggs contain a lot of iron, the containing protein containing will interfere with the absorption of iron. The iron in plants is a hemorride iron, and the iron supplementation effect is not good.
2. Vitamin C intake must be sufficient
Vitamin C can promote the absorption of iron. Pregnant mothers should consume more fresh vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C such as: vegetable heart, western blue flowers, green peppers, tomatoes, oranges, strawberries, kiwi, fresh dates, etc.
3. Increase the intake of vitamin B12 and folic acid
Vitamin B12 and folic acid are essential substances for synthetic hemoglobin, and sufficient intake can ensure the normal growth of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 is mainly stored in animal foods such as meat, liver and seafood, while folic acid is widely existed in various animal foods, but it is rich in liver, yeast, eggs, and beans.
4. Pay attention to some factors affecting iron absorption in the diet
Be careful not to mix with calcium, that is, you must not supplement the iron within 1 hour before and after taking the calcium. Milk and some neutralized drugs can prevent iron absorption. In addition, drinking tea and coffee will also reduce the absorption of iron in non -hemoglobin foods to a certain extent.
5. Supplementary iron
The iron supplement is also one of the choices for iron supplementation, but the expectant mothers should not supplement themselves. They must come to the hospital to see a doctor to replenish the iron reasonably.
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6. Patients with thalassemia should avoid iron supplementation.
(Correspondent: Lin Huifang)