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JAMA PEDIATR: Edible super -processing food (UPF) in childhood is related to increased risk of adult diseases

More and more evidence shows that the consumption of super -processed foods may have a harmful impact on health, which makes people start paying attention to the importance of industrial food processing to public health. According to the definition of Nova food classification system, super -processing food is an industrial formula through a series of physical, chemical and biological processes. They usually lack complete health food ingredients, including various additives.

Compared with less processed alternatives, super -processing foods are often more intensive and have worse nutrition (that is, high content of free sugar, salt and saturated fat, but low protein, dietary fiber and trace nutrient content), but it is cheap and cheap, cheap, and Delicate, durable, convenient and attractive characteristics. The food industry actively promotes these products to promote the purchase and shaping of dietary preferences. Children are the main consumers of UDF.

At present, UPFS accounts for 65.4%and 66.2%of the daily caloriers in British and American children, respectively. The continuous growth of consumption in the world, including low -income and middle -income countries, reflects the parallel rise of the epidemic rates of children and adults around the world, which indicates that UPF consumption may be a non -infectious disease related to obesity and diet. Key potential driving factor.

Based on these, some researchers evaluated the vertical correlation between childhood and early adult UPF intake and obesity trajectory. The research results were recently published in the Jama Pediatr journal.

This forward -looking birth queue includes children participating in ALSPAC vertical research in Evan County, southwestern England. This study followed up from September 1, 1998 to October 31, 2017. The data analysis time is from March 1, 2020 to January 31, 2021. Use a linear growth curve model to evaluate the correlation, and adjust according to the research collaborative variables.

A total of 9025 children (4481 [49.7%] women and 4544 [50.3%] men) were followed up in 10.2 years (quarter-level interval 5.2-16.4). During the baseline inspection, the average UPF consumption of five -bit 1 is 23.2%(5.0%), the average consumption of UPF with a five -bit 2 UPF is 34.7%(2.5%), and the average consumption of UPF with a five -point 3 -level 3 is 43.4%. (2.5%), the average consumption of the five -point 4 UPF is 52.7%(2.8%), the average consumption of UPF with a five -bit 5 -level 5 is 67.8%(8.1%). -0.08); the fat mass index increased by 0.03 (95%CI, 0.01-0.05) each year; the weight increased by 0.20 (95%CI, 0.11-0.28) kg each year; To.

These discoveries have significant public hygiene significance. The intake of UPF is related to excessive heat intake, resulting in risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality. This study has found that the positive connection between the childhood UPF intake and the result of obesity is crucial, because the lifelong diet model is formed from childhood, which may have a wide range of health and happiness of life Essence

The results of this queue research show that the high consumption of UPFS in children’s period is related to BMI, FMI, weight and waist circumference entering adolescence and faster progress in early adults. It is urgent to adopt more aggressive and effective public health operations to reduce children’s contact and consumer UDF to solve the problem of obesity in the UK and international children.

Actions for UPFS are still limited, even if their calories, salt, and sugar content are reduced. Only by comprehensively targeting UPF’s compulsory policies and strengthening regulations and trade agreements through global cooperation to reduce the supply and consumption of UPF can UPF consumption have a huge burden on the global environment and health care system.

参考文献:Chang K, Khandpur N, Neri D, et al. Association Between Childhood Consumption of Ultraprocessed Food and Adiposity Trajectories in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children Birth Cohort. JAMA Pediatr. Published online June 14, 2021. doi:10.1001 /jamapediatrics.2021.1573

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