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Lancet sub -magazine: High -income country breastfeeding is only 40%, while low -income countries are 90%!

As we all know, for babies, breast milk is the most natural and safest food. WHO (WHO) discovers breastfeeding is critical to the best growth, development and health of children. It is recommended that children should start breastfeeding within the first hour after birth. Breastfeeding lasts until the age of 2 or two years old, and accepts supplementary food at the same time.

Many studies have shown that breastfeeding can not only meet the growth and development needs of babies, but also have a lot of benefits to mothers. For babies, breastfeeding can prevent infection and errors, which are related to increased IQ in children’s periods, adolescence and adulthood, and may reduce the risk of overweight and diabetes. At the same time, for mothers, uterine contraction, recovery, and reducing postpartum depression, breast cancer, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes are risked. Therefore, although some mothers are unwilling or unable to breastfeed their babies, breastfeeding is considered to be the most important part of the best nursery in the healthy development of children in the world.

The analysis of the trend of child feeding indicators under the age of 2 is limited to low -income and middle -income countries. Recently, a study published in the Lancet Sub -Magazine evaluated the consumption rate and time trend of children under 200 to 2019 for children under 2 years of age, different types of dairy products of breast milk, formula milk and animal milk.

In this study, the researchers combined 487 items from low -income and middle -income countries with national representative surveys and information from high -income countries, so as to estimate that seven infants and young children from 113 countries were estimated to Feeding indicators. A multi -layered linear model is used in summary analysis to estimate the annual changes in infant feeding practice from 2000 to 2019.

The results of the study show that in high-income countries, any form of breastfeeding in six months of large babies has improved significantly (1.29 percentage points per year [95% CI 1-12 to 1-45]; P <0-0001). At the same time, at the age of 1, in high-income countries (1.14 percentage points per year [0-99 to 1-28]; P <0-0001) and medium-to-high-income countries (0.53 percentage points per year [0-23 to 0-82];; P <0-0001) Any form of breastfeeding ratio has also increased. However, in a low-income country, any form of breastfeeding at 6 months (-0-07 PPS/year [-0-11 to -0-03]; P <0-0001) and any form at the age of 1 Breastfeeding -0-13 pps/year [-0-18 to -0-09]; P <0-0001) has decreased slightly.

In addition, the data of pure mother breast feeding and formula milk and animal milk consumption is only applicable to low -income and middle -income countries. Pure maternal breastfeeding of these countries 6 months before birth increases 0.70 PPS (0.51–0 · 88; P <0 · 0001) reached 48.6% (41.9–55 · 2) by 2019. Except for the Middle East and North Africa, pure breastfeeding in all areas of the world has increased. In the central and high -income countries, as well as East Asia and Pacific, Latin America and Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa regions, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia, the recipe milk consumption of the six months before the birth of the baby has increased. South Asia, this ratio is still less than 8%. In low-income and middle-income countries, animal milk consumption of children under 6 months has decreased significantly (every year-0.41 PPS [-0.51 to -0.31]; P <0-0001).

In summary, among different regions and income groups, the pure breast feeding and any breastfeeding of infants and young children have increased at 6 months old. In the middle and high -income countries, the consumption of formula milk powder has increased. Breastfeeding is more common in low -income and middle -income countries, which is negatively related to the GDP of the country. In low -income and medium -income countries, breastfeeding is negatively related to the social and economic status of the family when infants and young children are 1 and 2 years old. In contrast, the general model of high -income countries is exactly the opposite. Women’s education is positively related to breastfeeding. Therefore, in order to achieve the goal of 70%of the global pure breast feeding by 2030, it also needs to accelerate the improvement.

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