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Newborn baby daily nutritional needs

The following will be the nutritional of the newborn daily, and the mother must remember it.

新生儿

① Thermal energy: In the first week after the birth of the moon, the body weight per kilogram of body is about 250 to 335 karma daily; on the second week after birth, the body weight per kilogram of body is about 335 to 420 kilograms per day; Above, about 420 to 500 kilograms per kilogram of body weight per day.

② Protein: It takes about 2 to 3 grams per kilogram of body weight per kilogram daily.

③ Amino acid: 9 essential amino acids are: lysine, arginine, brillonine, isopic acid, amproine, molevinate, phenylalanine, susteine, and sprinine. Newborn must take these 9 amino acids every day.

④ Fat: The total amount of daily requires 9 to 17 grams/100 kcal heat. Undocity fatty acids in breast milk accounted for 51%, 75%of which can be absorbed, while unsaturated fatty acids in cotton milk account for only 34%. Linel acid and peanutoramine are essential fatty acids. When flax linic acid lacks, rash and slow growth are occurred, and peanutoramine synthesizes prostaglandin.

⑤ Sugar: The full moon needs 17-34 grams/100 calories per day. The sugar in breast milk is all lactose, and the sugar in the milk is about half of the lactose.

⑥ minerals, macro -volume elements and trace elements:

Sodium: Salt is sodium chloride, which provides essential sodium in the human body. It is not advisable to eat too salty during breastfeeding, but it does not need sodium at all. The method of not eating salt in confinement is wrong, and newborns need salt.

Potassium: Potassium in dairy products can meet the needs of newborns.

Chlorine: Sodium and potassium absorb.

Calcium and phosphorus: 50%to 70%of calcium in breast milk are absorbed in the intestine of the newborn; the absorption rate of milk calcium is only 20%. Therefore, breastfeeding is not easy to deficiency in calcium, and cowyfed is easy to deficiency in calcium. The absorption of phosphorus is better and it is not easy to lack.

Magnesium: Magnesium deficiency affects calcium balance.

Iron: The content of iron in breast milk and milk is not high, and the iron in cow milk is not easy to absorb, so milk feeding is easier to lack iron. The storage volume of the full moon can be used for 4 to 6 months, but if the mother lacks iron during pregnancy, the newborn may have insufficient iron reserves, so it should be supplemented in time. Premature babies have less reserves, only 8 weeks after birth. If it is not supplemented in time, iron deficiency anemia will occur, which will affect children’s health.

Zinc: The newborn period is rarely deficient in zinc, and generally does not need to be added. Send zinc cannot represent the blood zinc situation at that time. Therefore, do not measure the blood zinc of the time with zinc. Low zinc -shaped zinc cannot represent the low blood zinc, and the blood zinc should be prevailing.

⑦ Vitamin: The newborn of a healthy pregnant woman has few vitamins, so there is no additional supplement. If the quasi -mothers have a serious insufficient intake during pregnancy, the placenta function is low and prematurely produced, newborns may lack vitamin D, C, E and folic acid.

Vitamin K: Vitamin K deficiency can cause spontaneous hemogenesis or late V-K lack of hemorrhoid disease. Especially for pure breast milk feeding, the probability of occurring is relatively high. Therefore, it is routinely given the newborn muscle injection V-K1 1.0 mg, which plays a preventive role. The intestinal bacteria of premature babies grew late, and the liver function development was immature. V-K deficiency is prone to occur. Vitamin K1 mg should be supplemented daily, and 3 times in a row.

Vitamin D: Although a certain amount of vitamin D is stored at the birth of the newborn, because it is not possible to receive sufficient sunshine outdoors and cannot be intake through food, vitamin D lacks sexual infants and feet in the infantile period. Starting half a month after birth, vitamin D is supplemented with 400 international units per day.

<!-3684: Parenting terminal page

Vitamin E: Premature babies need to be added, 30 mg per day.

Vitamin A Excessive: When supplementing vitamin D, some use cod liver oil preparations, namely vitamin AD agents. If the proportion is not appropriate, vitamin A can occur excessive or even poisoning.

(Intern editor: Liu Yinying)

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