Experts point out that people’s health awareness is getting stronger and stronger now, and many people understand the importance of regular medical examinations. What needs to be reminded here is that people must conduct a targeted physical examination, especially the elderly. We must pay attention to the following projects. Examination, especially the items that must be checked, are cardiovascular and cerebrovascular:
First, blood sugar and blood lipids. For obese elderly people with overweight weight, especially blood glucose and blood lipids should be checked. If there are high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis, you should also pay attention to checking blood sugar.
Second, bone density measurement. Osteoporosis is one of the common occurrences of the elderly, especially women. Therefore, when women are over 45 years old, men are more than 50 years old, and bone density testing is performed, and the required substances are supplemented immediately according to the test results.
Third, B ultrasound (liver, bile, pancreas). Elderly people are prone to gallbladder polyps. Through the form of liver and gallbladder B -ultrasound, they can check the form of their organs. They can find in advance whether there are tumors in the liver, biliary parts, or gallbladder stones and other diseases.
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Fourth, prostate examination or uterine accessories, maternal examination. For elderly men to prevent prostate hypertrophy; women are prone to cervical lesions when they are old, so a comprehensive gynecological examination is performed every year.
Fifth, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular examination. This is the focus of the old human examination. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are common diseases of the elderly, especially coronary heart disease, and hypertension is one of the causes of coronary heart disease. Therefore, it is necessary to do a regular blood pressure test and do ECG examination. This examination can understand myocardial blood supply and arrhythmia. If you are very poor at age, you should also choose to be a heart -colored B -ultrasound and a B -ultrasound of the carotid artery to check whether the vascular lesions are lesions.
Experts point out that the physical examination of the elderly should focus on checking cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Do not paralyze, especially the elderly who often have dizziness, chest tightness, and chest pain should check the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular in time to avoid causing irreparable situations.