Pneumonia is a common disease of infants and young children. It is more likely to have malnutrition, congenital heart disease, low birth weight, and immune defects. It is the first cause of death in hospitals in my country, which seriously threatens the health of infants and young children.
The human respiratory tract is divided into upper and lower respiratory tracts in ring cartilage. The upper respiratory tract infection is commonly known as “cold”, which can be manifested as fever, cough, runny nose, and sore throat. If the upper respiratory tract infection is not controlled in a timely and effective control, the infection is transmitted down the respiratory tract, which can be transformed into pneumonia. Pediatric nasal cavity is narrow, the mucosa is tender, the trachea and bronchies are narrow than adults, the blood vessels are rich, and the respiratory tract is more likely to be infected. In the cold winter, pneumonia is the peak of children’s onset. Pediatric pneumonia is different from adult pneumonia. Its clinical manifestations are diverse and even have no obvious clinical manifestations. How to judge that the child may be infected is pneumonia, and here I introduce the simple judgment method of “one two -looking” to the parents.
When children are quiet (referring to the interference frequency factors such as fever, crying, activity, etc.), normal children’s breathing frequency is about 40 ~ 50 times/min, and children’s breathing frequency is about 30 times per minute, 3 years old, 3 years old, 3 years old The above children’s breathing frequency is about 20 times/min. When the newborn breathing frequency is more than 60 times/min, the child’s breathing frequency is greater than 40 times/minute, and the breathing frequency of children over 3 years old is more than 30 times/min. For the measurement of the respiratory frequency, it can be obtained by observing the abdomen or auscultation. You can also use a small amount of cotton fiber to place it on the edge of the children’s nostrils to observe the number of cotton fibers. When children appear “signals” with abnormal respiratory frequency, they often indicate that there may be respiratory diseases (except heart disease), and parents should take him to the hospital for examination as soon as possible.
Look at the mental state and complexion
If infants and young children appear at the same time when the respiratory frequency appears abnormal, mentally sluggish, less moved, unwilling to walk down, hug, and even lips and drowsiness should be highly suspected of pneumonia. Symptoms of neonatal pneumonia are the least typical. If you have reduced food, crying, and vomiting foam, you should immediately take your child to the hospital for examination.
Doctors diagnose pneumonia to determine the body listening to the lungs and chest slices. If the chest tablets can be seen in the pneumonia, it is an important indicator of pneumonia images. With the positive results of the body, you can be diagnosed as pneumonia. Parents should actively cooperate with doctors’ examinations without having to worry too much about the radiation risk of the chest.
(Two times to look out of pediatric pneumonia)
Common type of pediatric pneumonia
According to the cause, pneumonia can be divided into bacterial pneumonia, viral pneumonia, atypical pathogen (mycoplasma, chlamydia) pneumonia, and other rare pathogen infectious pneumonia (fungal infectious pneumonia, raw insect pneumonia), and non -infectious causes of pneumonia (Inhalation of pneumonia), etc.
1. Fine pneumonia: Pediatric bacterial pneumonia is higher in the incidence of pneumonia pneumonia pneumonia and influenzaobacterobacteria pneumonia. These two kinds of pneumonia are particularly damaged to the lungs, and it is easy to progress as the deformation of the lungs or even the lung abscess. The clinical clinical is high -thermal and cough. It is necessary to actively treat antibiotics to actively antibiotic anti -infection treatment.
2. Viral pneumonia: Most of them are common in winter and spring, which can be outbreak or emitting popularity. The worst is the adenovirus pneumonia, which has rapid progress, severe symptoms, difficulty treatment, and severe treatment can lead to death. The occurrence of viral pneumonia is related to the virus’s toxic force, infection pathway, and the age of the host, and the state of immune function. Generally, the incidence of children is higher than adults. The treatment of viral pneumonia is antiviral therapy, support therapy, and physical therapy. Generally, antibiotic therapy is not required.
3. Pneumonia caused by atypical pathogens: such as mycoplasma, chlamydia, etc. Children are manifested as fever, cough, less sputum. The white blood cells are not high in the blood, and the C reactive protein can be significantly increased, and the mycoplasma antibody detection is required repeatedly at different stages of the disease. The treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia requires macroexed antibiotics, such as Azithromycin or erythromycin. The course of treatment takes 4 weeks.
For the treatment of pediatric pneumonia, doctors will formulate differentiated diagnosis and treatment plans based on the clinical manifestations and causes of pneumonia. Due to the possibility of mixed infection in pediatric pneumonia, such as viral pneumonia may also be combined with bacterial pneumonia, which is diagnosed with the cause of pneumonia. Doctors need to conduct necessary pathogenic examinations, such as blood drawing, and repeated virus testing of respiratory secretions. Parents do not need to question, and they should follow the doctor’s order and actively cooperate with doctors to conduct diagnosis and treatment.