Steps and precautions for breast examination

Breast examination, early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment are of great significance to treat breast diseases.

Examination time: 3-5 days after menstruation or 9-11 days starting from 3-5 days or menstruation. Examination method: The upper body is completely naked. Standing up in front of the mirror, raise your hands and put down your contrast to observe bilateral breasts. Whether symmetry, whether the size is changed, whether the swelling or sinking or sinking, whether the skin color changes, whether there is a break, whether Whether the breasts on both sides are on the same horizontal line. During the examination, the fingers are close together, contacting the breast with the abdomen, and selecting a light, medium, and heavy force for a cardi. Remember not to pinch the breast with your hands. Generally, check your right breast with your left hand, check the left breast in the right hand, and perform the armpit lymph node examination. Putting the angle with your hands, you should not grasp the tissue or under the underarm skin, and find abnormal conditions. You should go to the doctor in time.

<!-1958: Physical examination terminal page

Symptoms of breast tumors can be diverse, common: breast mass, breast pain, nipple discharge, erosion or skin depression, armpit lymph nodes, etc. Although these symptoms do not necessarily have specificity, understanding these symptoms and understanding these performances will help our early discovery, early diagnosis, early treatment. Of course, the emergence of some symptoms indicates that the lesions are not early, so it is comprehensive and deeper understanding and mastering these symptoms can make us neither feel sad because of the opportunity to treat treatment, nor affecting normal life.

Breast physical examination is mainly to check the shape of the breast, the surface of the breast skin, the condition of the nipples, the nipples, the nipples, etc. of the breast and the skin, and finally, do not forget the regional lymph node examination and systemic examination. (1) Breast form: Check whether the breast appearance, size and location are symmetrical. (2) The surface of the breast skin: It is necessary to check the color of the breast skin and whether there is edema, rash, ulceration, shallow vein anger, skin wrinkles and orange peel changes. (3) Nipple and areola: Check the nipples, raising, retracting, depression, erosion, and desquamation; the color of the areola is abnormal, and there are eczema -like changes. (4) Breast lumps: The position, form, size, number, number, texture, surface smoothness, activity, and tenderness of the breast lumps need to be checked. Mainly checked by a palpation. Generally speaking, the bilateral occurrence and periodic milk pain are likely to be a benign lesion; the unilateral single -side painless lump may have the possibility of malignant lesions. (5) Nipple overflow: You need to check whether the nipple is overflow, and check whether it overflows or squeeze it out of it. What is the characteristics of the single side or bilateral or liquid. (6) Regional lymph nodes and systemic conditions: Because breast cancer is often prone to the transfer of underarm and clavicle upper area, the physical examination of the breast department should routinely check the size, texture and activity of the above -mentioned region.

(Editor in charge: Wang Huiming Intern editor: Tan Yong)

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