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Ten bronchial mirror inspection important matters

Understand and check all routine inspections required by the fibrous trimmed endoscope inspection.

1. Before doing this examination, you must understand the medical history and do the necessary physical examination, understand and check the various conventional examinations required by the fiber trifle endoscope inspection, such as platelets, coagulation time, electrocardiogram (45 years old or more. List as conventional) and so on.

Second, those with incomplete respiratory function should do blood gas analysis or lung function examination, take necessary chest tablets, bacterial science and cytology of sputum, etc.

Third, patients with older and heart disease, when performing fibrous bronchoscopy, should be carried out under ECG monitoring, and do necessary first aid preparation. Do not nervous as a patient, eliminate concerns, and actively cooperate with examination.

Fourth, the patients are fasting 4 to 6 hours before surgery.

5. Half an hour before the operation, the muscle injection atrto is 0.5 mg, and the stability of 10 mg. Use 1 to 2%of the scain or 2 to 4%Lidoine or 10%Nufain as a pre -surgery for a anesthesia medication on the surface of the mucosa. Leading, the nostrils are facing up. In this position, the patient’s muscles are relaxed, more comfortable, and can prevent syncope, which is more suitable for those who are old, weak, and mentally tense.

6. Avoid cough during the operation. When the endoscopy enters the gate, the patient should inhale deeply and not nervous.

7. After half an hour of rest and observation after surgery, you can leave the examination room. Nasro -throat discomfort, pain, sound, fever, blood with blood in sputum may occur after surgery.

8. 2 hours after surgery can be eaten, and it is advisable to start with semi -liquid. Pay attention to oral hygiene. You can use boric acid or amuxin liquid to rinse.

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Nine, if you do a biopsy, you should pay attention to whether you have pneumothorax or active bleeding.

10. If you have a long examination time, if you have frequent cough or hemoptysis, you can use sedatives, hemibstral agents and antibiotics to prevent respiratory tract and lung infections.

(Editor in charge: Wang Huiming Intern editor: Tan Yong)

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