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The 53 -year -old man repeatedly did not pay attention to the precursor of myocardial infarction, and his heart stopped!What are the common precursors of myocardial infarction?

Brother Chen, 53, has been in pain in the past ten days. He has occurred every 5-6 minutes, and it will not hurt after a while. He thought he was suffering from wind cold or periarthritis, so he just found a few pieces of ointment and pressed it.

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However, after posting the ointment, he still often suffered from pain. His wife was worried that this was a heart problem. He advised him to go to the hospital to see, and he felt that he could eat and drink. Why did he go to the hospital to toss.

After eating dinner a few days ago, Brother Chen felt sleepy, so he planned to go to the room to sleep. As a result, his back pain increased his back pain, sweaty sweat, and felt his chest tightness and breath, and then he collapsed to the ground. Seeing this, the family called the first aid call.

When the doctor arrived, Brother Chen’s blood pressure could not be measured. The doctor quickly entered the pill and made an electrocardiogram. The preliminary diagnosis was acute myocardial infarction.

On the way to the hospital, Brother Chen stopped jumping, and the doctor began to do cardiopulmonary resuscitation for him, but the rescue failed.

It is not uncommon for the death of myocardial infarction like Brother Chen.

According to statistics, about 1 million people have an acute myocardial infarction each year, and the mortality rate can be as high as 30%, especially the cause of myocardial infarction in young people is constantly increasing. Why do more and more young people have myocardial infarction?

1. Young people have myocardial infarction, or more dangerous than middle -aged and elderly people

According to the data of “China Cardiovascular Health and Disease Report 2020”, from 2002 to 2018, the mortality of acute myocardial infarction in my country has shown an increase year by year. Among them, about 1/3 of the patients with acute myocardial infarction are less than 60 years old, and the condition often develops rapidly and the recurrence rate is high.

Myocardial infarction, that is, the coronary arteries that provide blood and oxygen and oxygen, the coronary artery suddenly blocked, and acute, persistent ischemia and hypoxia occurred, which caused myocardial necrosis due to ischemia.

Clinically, patients with severe and lasting sternum pain in patients will not be completely relieved even if they rest or take medicine. They will cause arrhythmia. In severe cases, they will shock, heart failure, and even death.

Why do more and more young people have myocardial infarction? The new study of Yale University answered this question.

The researchers selected 2246 first-time acute myocardial infarction, and 2,246 participants who did not have acute myocardial infarction with the age and gender of 2246, and all participants were between 18-55 years old.

Studies have found that about 85%of young patients under the age of 55 under the age of 55 of acute myocardial infarction are related to 7 risk factors, which are diabetes, hypertension, hypertrophy, depression, current smoking, family income, family income, and family income Low and Early Myocardial Family History.

Among them, hypertension, diabetes, depression and smoking are preventable. In other words, as long as intervention measures are taken as soon as possible to manage these 7 risk factors, especially the four risk factors that can be changed, they can reduce the risk of acute myocardial infarction.

In fact, young people’s myocardial infarction may be more dangerous than the elderly.

Because young people’s blood vessels are more unstable and are easy to fall off. Once the plaques suddenly break and form a thrombosis, the blood vessels may be completely blocked and caused a large area of ​​myocardial infarction.

Moreover, compared with the elderly, the basic lesions of young people have a mild basic lesions before the onset, and lack of “myocardial ischemia adaptation”. During myocardial septic attacks, the heart cannot start the self -protection mechanism such as the side branch cycle of the vascular intercordnication. Therefore, for young people, it is important to intervene in risk factors as soon as possible.

2. Doing these 5 things in daily life may “give birth” myocardial infarction

However, middle -aged and elderly people are still high -risk groups of myocardial infarction, and some “small things” in daily life may cause myocardial infarction if they are not careful. Therefore, the following things should be avoided in daily life.

1. Eat too full, too oily

If you eat too full, especially after eating a lot of greasy and high -calorie foods, the blood lipid level in the body will suddenly rise, causing blood viscosity to increase. The lumen, which causes acute myocardial infarction.

If it is too oily, the level of triglyceride in the blood after meals will rise rapidly, leading to the rise of blood consistency, the blood vessels are prone to blocked, and thus induce cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction.

2. Smoking

Smoking will not only promote arteriosclerosis, but also increase the risk of myocardial infarction. In addition, smoking can also cause coronary artery contraction and spasm, which can easily cause blood vessels to occlude and cause myocardial infarction.

3. Drink

Long -term excessive drinking will accelerate the synthesis of cholesterol. Not only will it induce hyperlipidemia or arteriosclerosis, but it will also promote the death of myocardial cells, cause alcoholic myocardial disease, and cause serious impact on cardiac function.

And within a few hours after drinking, the blood vessels will be in a state of expansion and blood flow acceleration, which can easily induce acute heart disease such as myocardial infarction.

4. Substantial defecation

When the middle -aged and elderly people are defecating, if they are excessive, the internal pressure of the abdomen will increase and the blood pressure will increase rapidly. These will increase the burden on the heart and may induce myocardial infarction.

5. Angry

A study in “European Heart Magazine” in 2021 shows that angry is one of the important causes of myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease. When we are angry, pressure hormones will be secreted in the body, which will cause inflammatory leukocyte metastasis in the blood, which will cause unstable blood vessel plaques to fall off, which may eventually cause myocardial infarction. 3. Early warning before the end of myocard

According to data, 600,000 new myocardial infarction every year in my country can be treated with timely and standardized treatment, and the mortality rate exceeds 30 %. First of all, let’s understand some of the common signals before myocardial infarction.

Common symptoms before myocardial infarction are angina pectoris, chest discomfort, limb weakness, shortness of breath during activity, tachycardia, sweating, dullness, fainting, shock, heart failure, etc.

The golden time of myocardial infarction is within 120 minutes after the myocardial infarction, especially if re -injection treatment can be performed within 60 minutes in the first 60 minutes, the myocardial muscle and life can be rescued to the greatest extent.

Once the myocardial infarction occurs for more than 120 minutes, the area of ​​myocardial necrosis will become larger, which will easily cause heart failure, shock, and even death. Even if they are rescued, the chance of heart failure will be greatly increased when recurring.

What can we do when the myocardial infarction happens?

Self -rescue

If there are no other people around you, you can do 5 things for self -help.

First of all, call the 120 first aid call and inform yourself of the accurate position, indicating that you may be an acute myocardial session.

Then lie down and rest at the appropriate position of the closer door to ensure that the emergency personnel can be discovered as soon as possible.

If you have related drugs in your home, you can take a piece of nitroglycerin under the tongue, or take aspirin and clopidogre (or vidello) orally under the guidance of the doctor. Finally, try to soothe emotions and wait patiently for first aid personnel.

Myocardial first aid

If someone around him suddenly occurs, you should call the 120 emergency phone as soon as possible.

While waiting for the arrival of the emergency personnel, if the patient’s consciousness is clear, you can let the patient lie flat first. If you carry a first aid medicine with him, you should immediately let the patient take 1 tablet nitride, or take aspirin and clopidogre (orally aspirin (oral aspirin (orally (orally Or Tenrilo).

If the patient’s consciousness is lost, at this time, the patient should be kept on a flat or lateral position to avoid suffocation due to nausea or vomit.

Then carry out rescue measures such as chest prescriptions as soon as possible; if there is AED near the public place, you can perform AED electro -deflation measures to the patient as soon as possible according to the situation.

In addition, myocardial infarction is preventable and cure, and we must do a good job of prevention. Followed by doctors to treat coronary heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension. Even if you usually feel that your body is healthy, you should pay attention to the regular monitoring of blood lipid levels. Once the heart is uncomfortable, the chest pain and other discomfort, you must improve the alertness and seek medical treatment in time.

Reference materials:

[1] Yan Kaixin. Eating too much is easy to induce myocardial infarction! Many people are doing these habits that hurt the heart …

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[2] Lu Y, Li S-X, LIU Y, et al. SEX-SPECICFIC RISK FACTORS Association with FIRSTATE Myocardial Infartion in Young Adults. Jama NETW Open.2022; 5 (5): e229953.

[3] What should I do if I have a sudden myocardial infarction? After reading this article, it can be self-rescue and saves people | Myocardial Syntica Save the Day. Healthy China.2021-11-20

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