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The fertility rate decreases, and the three provinces enter the state of deep aging. What are the negative impacts of the aging population?

Global aging issues are becoming increasingly severe, and many only children are under pressure. On the other hand, some people are an attitude of “nothing to do, hanging high”. Should drink.

In fact, aging society is closely related to everyone, and the problems it brings cannot be ignored.

Japan has become the most “old” country, and the aging rate and speed are the world’s first

A aging society means that in a country or region, when the elderly population reaches or exceeds a certain proportion of the total population, this country or region enters an aging society.

According to the United Nations standards, a country or region is over 60 years of age to account for 10%of the total population of the total population, or the population over 65 years old accounts for or exceeds 7%of the total population ratio, that is, it has entered an aging society.

At present, the world’s total population is 7.759 billion, and the proportion of the total population over 65 years of age in the world in 2019 is 9%. In 2020, after only one year, this ratio rises to 9.3%. The ratio will be 16%.

Data in 2020 show that the highest aging rate in the world is Japan, and the population over 65 years old accounts for 28.4%of the country’s total population. The second is Italy, 23.3%, and the third Portugal is 22.8%. The tenth -ranking Malta has reached 21.3%.

How terrible is the arrival of aging society?

The “Statistics of the National Economic and Social Development Statistics 2015” shows that in 2015, China’s total population was 1.374 billion, and the elderly over 60 years of age reached 220 million, accounting for 16.1%of the total population, and 143 million people 65 or over, accounting for the total population, accounting for the total population The ratio is 10.5%.

According to IMF speculation, in 2050, the elderly over 60 years of age in China will account for more than one -third of the total population. This data is not only because of the improvement of medical care, but also the life expectancy of people has increased significantly, but also because of China’s once -only child policy, and the decline in the fertility rate of modern women.

China’s only child policy has controlled China’s population growth well, but today, China has begun to face the situation of entering aging society. In 2016, China’s two -child policy originally thought that the number of newborn would have explosive growth, but in 2017, the newborn population was 630,000 less than in 2016.

Although the number of two children in 2017 increased by 51.2%compared with 2016 to 1.62 million, the number of one child was decreased. In 2017, it decreased by 2.25 million compared Essence

In the case of most young people in China now, young people have emerged with anxiety, and a young couple needs to take care of the four elderly people of both sides.

Due to the advancement of modern medical care, the general public has a long life span, and it may also face the situation of taking care of grandparents. While taking care of the elderly, you must also raise your children.

In this case, with the rise in house prices, the rapid increase in education costs, the decline of traditional thoughts, and women’s willingness to fertilize likely to further decrease.

A country wants to complete the normal generation of replacement. The fertility rate should be 2.1, but China’s fertility rate in 2000 is only 1.22, and only 1.18 in 2018 in 2018, less than Japan. And so far, no country can go back after the fertility rate has dropped significantly.

Behind the aging and declining childization, it is the huge pressure of future elderly care. In the 2016 social security report, in the urban employee’s endowment insurance raising ratio, Heilongjiang was only 1.3: 1, and an average of 1.3 young people supported a retired elderly.

In the social security report in December 2017, Heilongjiang’s endowment insurance was uncomfortable, reaching 32 billion, deducting 8.8 billion balances in the previous year, and the gap reached 23.2 billion yuan, which means that Heilongjiang’s endowment insurance balance was quilt. used up.

Not only is Heilongjiang, but also Hubei, Qinghai and other regions, but also began to be unacceptable, and the future situation will inevitably exacerbate.

Corresponding to it is the problem of pension. At present, the pension institutions are being improved, but the service staff of the elderly is very scarce. Most people are unwilling to engage in this industry, especially those who are more professional, and their costs will be very high in the future.

Even Japan, where the pension industry is very developed now, the nurses are extremely lacking. And before entering an aging society, Japan is a wealthy developed country, and the form that China will face in the future will be even more severe.

Aging and declining seemingly have nothing to do with us. In fact, everyone’s future is related to everyone’s elderly life, and the ethical issues of the elderly treating the elderly in the future.

Interaction: What impact does the aging population have on you?

Reference

[1] “World Population Day: One picture of the latest data of global aging 2020”. CCTV News .2020-7-11

[2] “China’s per capita life expectancy is increased to 77.3 years old, and the aging of the population is becoming increasingly serious”. Surging News .2020-6-6