The symptoms of anemia are pale, dizziness, fatigue, tinnitus, insomnia, and other symptoms.
The symptoms of anemia are related to the degree of anemia. If it is mild anemia, the patient may have no symptoms. The symptoms of patients with moderate anemia are mainly pale, dizziness, tight heart, tinnitus, blurred eyes, and forgetfulness. In severe cases, spiritual and emotions will change, and activity endurance will be reduced. The exercise ability of patients with moderate or severe anemia will decline significantly. Slight physical activity may cause panic and chest tightness, and they need to sit down and rest. In severe cases, oxygen absorption is needed to relieve symptoms. Patients also experience a series of digestive dysfunction, such as bloating, loss of appetite, and vomiting.
Treatment of anemia is divided into symptomatic treatment and causal treatment. Among them, if the symptomatic treatment, if a patient with severe anemia or patients with anemia combined with cardiopulmonary disorders, red blood cells should be injected to correct anemia and improve the hypoxia state in the body. Patients with acute large amounts of blood loss should quickly restore blood capacity and enter red blood cells to correct anemia. Patients with severe infection, bleeding, and organ dysfunction should be given different support treatment. Patients with multiple blood transfusion may be with blood pigmentation and should be treated with iron removal. In addition, anemia should be treated according to its pathogenesis. For example, patients with iron deficiency anemia should be given iron supplements, causing iron deficiency primary diseases to be treated. Giant cellular anemia, folic acid or vitamin B12 supplement, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, glucocorticoids or spleen removal, virtue anemia, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, etc.
Patients with anemia should eat more iron -containing foods, such as lean meat, animal liver, animal blood, etc. Eat more vegetables, such as seaweed, spinach, kelp, fungus, etc. At the same time, daily diet should be rich in high -quality protein, such as meat egg milk, fish and shrimp, soy products, etc. In addition, drinking tea can inhibit the absorption of iron, and it is forbidden to drink tea when taking iron. Iron sometimes causes gastrointestinal reactions, such as nausea and vomiting, so it is appropriate to take iron after meals. Vitamin C can promote iron absorption, so you can eat foods and fruits rich in vitamins, such as tomatoes and oranges.