Guidance expert: Director Xia Yanqiong, the Department of Nutrition of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangdong Province
In the nutrition clinic, parents will only eat porridge, noodles, etc. for parents. Such supplementary foods add nutrition is single and incomplete. In fact, different types of foods provide different nutrients. Only diversified foods can provide comprehensive and balanced nutrition. This article comes to popularize what kind of nutrients can be supplemented with parents and friends.
1. Grain category
Rice flour, thick porridge, soft rice, noodles, etc., contain a large amount of carbohydrates, can provide energy for infants and young children, but in addition to strengthening infant rice noodles, it generally lacks iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin A and other nutrients. However, due to the convenient processing of such foods, the baby’s acceptance is high, and parents give their babies more common, but it must be combined with other ingredients to supplement food.
2. Animal food
Eggs, lean meat, liver, fish, poultry, etc. It is a type of high -quality ingredients, rich in high -quality protein, iron, zinc, vitamin A, etc. Some parents like to eat vegetables and fruits for babies. Incorrect. Animal food is very important for babies, and it is a preferred choice for supplementary food.
3. Vegetables and fruits
Vegetables and fruits are one of the important sources of vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. They have a variety of flavors and textures, which help infants and young children to learn and adapt to different tastes and textures of food.
Beans are the best protein sources of plant foods and have better complementarity with grain food protein. However, compared with dairy, eggs and meat proteins, their nutritional value is still poor. It can be selected in moderation and needs to be processed in appropriate processing. It should not be too much in infant supplementary food.
5, vegetable oil and fat
Breast milk fat provides about 50%of the total energy for babies. After the age of June, babies, breast milk (or milk) intake decreases accordingly, the energy density of grains, fruit and vegetable ingredients is not high, and the requirements of baby digestion capabilities on food traits. To this end, an appropriate amount of vegetable oil should be added when making plant -based supplementary foods, which can increase the nutritional density of supplementary food and provide essential fatty acids.
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Seeing this, parents should understand the importance of diversification of food. They must give babies a balanced supplementary food for nutrition. Pay special attention to the addition of animal foods.
(Correspondent: Lin Huifang)